A Cenosphere is an inert, lightweight, hollow sphere consists largely of silica and alumina and the particles are filled with air or inert gas, typically formed as a byproduct of coal combustion at thermal power plants. However, the 28 years ago the definition was different. Until the 1990s it was restricted to a largely carbonaceous sphere produced by the oxygen-deficient combustion of a liquid fuel drop cooled below the temperature of 200o C (392o F) before it was actually utilized. The fuel cenosphere specified a combustion source by using fuel injected droplets or the open burning of heavy liquids like asphalt or thermoplastic material that used to bubble when burned; this burning of the bubbles produces airborne droplets of fuel. Thus, the fuel cenospheres are sometimes also used as the synonyms with glass microspheres or microballoons. However, in the present days, the Cenosphere Suppliers India hoard the particles with the density ranging from 0.4 to 0.8 g/cm3 (0.014-0.029 lb./cu in) that gives them a great buoyancy. The color of cenospheres ranges from gray to almost white.
Glass microspheres are tiny spheres of glass manufactured for a broad range of uses including in research, consumer goods, medicine, and several other areas. The spherical size of glass microspheres has a diameter that usually ranges between 1 to 1000 micrometers.
Cenospheres are naturally occurring by-products produced during the burning process at coal-fired power plants. As mentioned above that they are inert, lightweight, and hollow granules comprised largely of silica and alumina, the cenosphere suppliers India don’t consider the particles as a pozzolan. Pozzolans are silicate-based material that reacts with the calcium hydroxide produced by hydrating cement to develop extra cementitious materials. Calcium hydroxide accounts for up to 25% of the hydrated cement which doesn’t contribute to the concrete’s durability and strength. Thus, the pozzolans are mixed with calcium hydroxide to form extra calcium silicate hydrate; the mixture is responsible for holding concrete strength. By consuming in excess:
- The strength of concrete is improved
- The density is lowered
- Efflorescence is decreased